Obi is a Local Government Area (LGA) located in Benue state, Nigeria. The LGA was created on the 1st October 1996. It was carved from the former Oju local government and derives its name from River Obi, which runs through the length and breadth of the local government area. Since its existence for the past five years, it has continued to maintain an atmosphere of peace and tranquilly. Obi local government is predominantly inhabited by Igede people of Ito descent. However, it hosts residents from across the country. It is made of twelve (12) council wards.
It has an undulating flat land with River Obi traversing the length and breath of the local government area. The local government area also has a vegetation cover characteristic of Middle Belt guinea Savannah. The people of Obi local government are predominantly farmers. The major crops produced in the area include rice, yams, cassava, groundnut, beniseed etc. It is not an exaggeration that these crops are produced in commercial quantities and attract patronage from all over the country.